The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was adopted in 1979 by the UN General Assembly, is often described as an international bill of rights for women.

The UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) is an international treaty.  It was instituted on 3 September 1981 and has been ratified by 189 states, including the UK.

The Convention defines discrimination against women as:

“any distinction, exclusion or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil or any other field.”

By accepting the Convention, States commit themselves to undertake a series of measures to end discrimination against women in all forms, including:

  • To incorporate the principle of equality of men and women in their legal system, abolish all discriminatory laws and adopt appropriate ones prohibiting discrimination against women;

  • To establish tribunals and other public institutions to ensure the effective protection of women against discrimination;

  • To ensure elimination of all acts of discrimination against women by persons, organizations or enterprises.

The Convention provides the basis for realizing equality between women and men through ensuring women’s equal access to, and equal opportunities in, political and public life — including the right to vote and to stand for election — as well as education, health and employment.

Watch our short film about CEDAW and women in Wales

The Convention is the only human rights treaty which affirms the reproductive rights of women and targets culture and tradition as influential forces shaping gender roles and family relations.  It also affirms women’s rights to acquire, change or retain their nationality and the nationality of their children.

Countries that have ratified or acceded to the Convention are legally bound to put its provisions into practice.  They are also committed to submit national reports, at least every four years, on measures they have taken to comply with their treaty obligations.

See below for further reading about CEDAW

UN Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women